Bible Study Glossary

I've always been curious about theology and religions. I was raised in a christian home, and have studied related terminology in church and Sunday school. Aside from a personal interest, I think the structure of this terminology might make an interesting test of a javascript hangman game engine from a long ago programming project. Please report any issues here. Enjoy!

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Terms Continued

An alternative term for "patristic writers."
A major movement in western theology since the 1960s, which lays particular emphasis upon the importance of women's experience, and has directed criticism against the patriarchalism of Christianity.
Five Ways
A standard term for the five "arguments for the existence of God" especially associated with Thomas Aquinas.
Fourth Gospel
A term used to refer to the Gospel according to John. The term highlights the distinctive literary and theological character of this gospel, which sets it apart from the common structures of the first three gospels, usually known as the synoptic gospels.
A form of American Protestant Christianity which lays especial emphasis upon the authority of an inerrant Bible.
A movement placing especial emphasis upon a contrast between the material and spiritual realms, which became of major importance during the second century. Its most characteristic doctrines include redemption apart from the material world, a dualist worldview which held that different gods were responsible for creation and redemption, and an emphasis upon the importance of "knowledge" (gnosis) in salvation.
The principles underlying the interpretation, or exegesis, of a text, particularly of Scripture.
historical Jesus
A term used, especially during the nineteenth century, to refer to the real historical person of Jesus of Nazareth, as opposed to the Christian interpretation of that person, especially as presented in the New Testament and the creeds.
A Greek term, literally meaning "of the same substance," which came to be used extensively during the fourth century to designate the mainstream Christological belief that Jesus Christ was "of the same substance as God." The term was polemical, being directed against the Arian view that Christ was "of similar substance" (homoiousion) to God.
A complex movement, linked with the European Renaissance. At the heart of the movement lay not (as the modern sense of the word might suggest) a set of secular or secularizing ideas but a new interest in the cultural achievements of antiquity. These were seen as a major resource for the renewal of European culture and Christianity during the period of the Renaissance.
hypostatic union
The doctrine of the union of divine and human natures in Jesus Christ, without confusion of their respective substances.
A term used to refer to the assumption of human nature by God, in the person of Jesus Christ. The term "incarnationalism" is often used to refer to theological approaches (such as those of late nineteenth-century Anglicanism) which lay especial emphasis upon God's becoming human.
justification by faith
The section of Christian theology dealing with how the individual sinner is able to enter into fellowship with God. The doctrine was to prove to be of major significance at the time of the Reformation.

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